American Chemical Society
am9b01655_si_001.pdf (4.06 MB)

Aggregation-Induced Emission Luminogens with the Capability of Wide Color Tuning, Mitochondrial and Bacterial Imaging, and Photodynamic Anticancer and Antibacterial Therapy

Download (4.06 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2019-03-07, 00:00 authored by Na Zhao, Pengfei Li, Jiabao Zhuang, Yanyan Liu, Yuxin Xiao, Ruilin Qin, Nan Li
Recently, luminogens with the aggregation-induced emission characteristic (AIEgens) have received much attention in the field of bioimaging and therapeutic applications. However, the development of AIEgens that are derived from the simple core skeleton with emission color tuning for imaging and therapy is still a formidable challenge. To address this constraint, we present a series of cationic AIEgens based on cyanopyridinium salts (CP1–CP5). The AIEgens can be facilely prepared by varying the aromatic electron donor while fixing the cyanopyridinium group as the electron acceptor within a single benzene ring. The obtained AIEgens possess wide color tunability, large Stokes shifts, and bright emission in the condensed state. Due to their good biocompatibility and cationic nature, these AIEgens can be utilized for multiple-color imaging of intracellular mitochondria as well as Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. Importantly, these AIEgens exhibit remarkable structure-dependent singlet-oxygen generation ability under white light illumination (25 mW cm–2), and CP4 was optimized to serve as an excellent photosensitizer for photodynamic anticancer and antibacterial therapy.