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Advanced Capabilities of the PYXAID Program: Integration Schemes, Decoherence Effects, Multiexcitonic States, and Field-Matter Interaction

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journal contribution
posted on 11.02.2014, 00:00 authored by Alexey V. Akimov, Oleg V. Prezhdo
In our previous work [J. Chem. Theory Comput. 2013, 9, 4959], we introduced the PYXAID program, developed for the purpose of performing nonadiabatic molecular dynamics simulations in large-scale condensed matter systems. The methodological aspects and the basic capabilities of the program have been extensively discussed. In the present work, we perform a thorough investigation of advanced capabilities of the program, namely, the advanced integration techniques for the time-dependent Schrodinger equation (TD-SE), the decoherence corrections via decoherence-induced surface hopping, the use of multiexciton basis configurations, and the direct simulation of photoexcitation via explicit light–matter interaction. We demonstrate the importance of the mentioned features by studying the electronic dynamics in a variety of systems. In particular, we demonstrate that the advanced integration techniques for solving TD-SE may lead to a significant speedup of the calculations and provide more stable solutions. We show that decoherence is necessary for accurate description of slow relaxation processes such as electron–hole recombination in solid C60. By using multiexciton configurations and direct, nonperturbative treatment of field–matter interactions, we found nontrivial optimality conditions for the multiple exciton generation in a small silicon cluster.

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