American Chemical Society
ct900277m_si_002.pdf (52.22 kB)

Activation of Carbon−Hydrogen and Hydrogen−Hydrogen Bonds by Copper−Nitrenes: A Comparison of Density Functional Theory with Single- and Multireference Correlation Consistent Composite Approaches

Download (52.22 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2009-11-10, 00:00 authored by Sammer M. Tekarli, T. Gavin Williams, Thomas R. Cundari
The kinetics and thermodynamics of copper-mediated nitrene insertion into C−H and H−H bonds (the former of methane) have been studied using several levels of theory: B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p), B97-1/cc-pVTZ, PBE1KCIS/cc-pVTZ, and ccCA (correlation consistent Composite Approach). The results show no significant difference among the DFT methods. All three DFT methods predict the ground state of the copper−nitrene model complex, L′Cu(NH), to be a triplet, while single reference ccCA predicts the singlet to be the ground state. The contributions to the total ccCA energy indicate that the singlet state is favored at the MP2/CBS level of theory, while electron correlation beyond this level (CCSD(T)) favors a triplet state, resulting in a close energetic balance between the two states. A multireference ccCA method is applied to the nitrene active species and supports the assignment of a singlet ground state. In general, the largest difference in the model reaction cycles between DFT and ccCA methods is for processes involving radicals and bond dissociation.