Acid-Catalyzed Transannular Cyclization of 3aH-Cyclopenteneannulene-1,4-(5H,9aH)-diones and Some Proposed Mechanisms
journal contributionposted on 14.10.2005, 00:00 by Takuya Koizumi, Kenji Harada, Haruyasu Asahara, Eiko Mochizuki, Ken Kokubo, Takumi Oshima
Bicyclic 3aH-cyclopenteneannulene-1,4-(5H,9aH)-diones underwent three types of acid-induced transannular reactions, Michael cyclization, [3 + 2] cycloaddition, and Friedel−Crafts ipso-alkylation, depending on the cyclopentenone ring substituent (Me or Ph) and the position of annulenone substituent as well as the nature of acids (BF3, MeSO3H, CF3SO3H). The Me-substituent permitted the Michael reaction for all acids used to give tricyclic diones by the activation of cyclopentenone carbonyl group. However, the Ph-substituent inhibited the Michael reaction for BF3 and MeSO3H but allowed the [3 + 2] cycloaddition and Friedel−Crafts reaction for CF3SO3H depending on the position of annulenone substituent. These CF3SO3H reactions exhibited the following novel rearrangements, affording 2-naphthalenone and 7-acenaphthylene derivatives, respectively. The factors that control the reaction mode of these transannular cyclizations were discussed in view of the constraint twist-boat conformation of annulenone ring as well as the ring substituent effects on the intramolecular cyclization. In addition, these annulenone rings were found to easily undergo the intramolecular [2 + 2] photocyclization to provide the tetracyclic cage compounds which exhibited the facile cycloreversion under the influence of acid.