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Accurate Prediction of the Excited States in the Fully Conjugated Porphyrin Tapes across the Full Spectral Range: A Story of the Interplay between π–π* and Intramolecular Charge-Transfer Transitions in Soft Chromophores

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journal contribution
posted on 18.03.2021, 16:36 by Rodion V. Belosludov, Dustin E. Nevonen, Victor N. Nemykin
The ability of density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TDDFT) methods for the accurate prediction of the energies and oscillator strengths of the excited states in a series of fully conjugated meso–meso β–β β–β triple-linked porphyrin oligomers (porphyrin tapes 212) was probed in the gas phase and solution using several exchange-correlation functionals. It was demonstrated that the use of the hybrid B3LYP functional provides a good compromise for the accurate prediction of the localized π–π* and intramolecular charge-transfer transitions, thus allowing confident interpretation of the UV–vis–NIR spectra of porphyrin oligomers. The TDDFT-based sum-over-state (SOS) calculations for the porphyrin tape dimer 2 and trimer 3 as well as parent monomer 1 correctly predicted the signs and shapes of the magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) signals in the low-energy region of the spectra.