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Absorption Spectra, Photophysical Properties, and Redox Behavior of Ruthenium(II) Polypyridine Complexes Containing Accessory Dipyrromethene−BF2 Chromophores

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journal contribution
posted on 06.04.2006, 00:00 by Maurilio Galletta, Fausto Puntoriero, Sebastiano Campagna, Claudio Chiorboli, Manuel Quesada, Sebastien Goeb, Raymond Ziessel
The six multichromophoric species 16, containing the potentially luminescent Ru(II) polypyridine subunits and 4,4-difluoro-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene fluorophores (dipyrromethene−BF2 dyes, herein after called bodipy), have been prepared and their absorption spectra, luminescence properties (both at room temperature in fluid solution and at 77 K in rigid matrix), and redox properties have been investigated (for the structural formulas of all the compounds, see Figure 1). For comparison purposes, also the same properties of the bodipy-based free ligands have been examined. Three of the multichromophoric species (13) are based on the Ru(bpy)3-type metal subunit, whereas 46 are based on the Ru(terpy)2-type metal subunit. Transient absorption spectroscopy at room temperature of all the compounds has also been performed. The absorption spectra of all the metal complexes show features that can be assigned to the Ru(II) polypyridine subunits and to the bodipy centers. In particular, the lowest energy spin-allowed π−π* transition of the bodipy groups dominates the visible region, peaking at about 530 nm. All the new complexes exhibit a rich redox behavior, with reversible processes attributed to specific sites, indicating a small perturbation of each redox center and therefore highlighting the supramolecular nature of the multichromophoric assemblies. Despite the good luminescence properties of the separated components, 16 do not exhibit any luminescence at room temperature; however, transient absorption spectroscopy evidences that for all of them a long-lived (microsecond time scale) excited state is formed, which is identified as the bodipy-based triplet state. Pump−probe transient absorption spectroscopy suggests that such a triplet state is formed from the promptly prepared bodipy-based 1π−π* state in most cases by the intervention of a charge-separated level. At 77 K, all the complexes except complex 1 exhibit the bodipy-based fluorescence, although with a slightly shortened lifetime compared to the corresponding free ligand(s), and 46 also exhibit a phosphorescence assigned to the bodipy subunits. Phosphorescence of bodipy species had never been reported in the literature to the best of our knowledge:  in the present cases we propose that it is an effective decay process thanks to the presence of the ruthenium heavy atom and of the closely lying 3MLCT state of the Ru(terpy)2-type subunits.