Abnormally Weak Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Activity of Tip-Rich Au Nanostars: The Role of Interfacial Defects
journal contributionposted on 2022-03-08, 19:37 authored by Yujing Guo, Shuyi Zhu, Haoming Bao, Hao Fu, Hongwen Zhang, Le Zhou, Yue Li, Weiping Cai
Designing and regulating the geometry of a given plasmonic metal (Au, Ag, etc.) has become one of the most efficient approaches to achieve highly active surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) substrates, but this work demonstrates that plain efforts on this may not be enough. Here, we report that the often-neglected inner crystal defects also have huge impacts on the SERS activity, through a case of Au nanostars (NSs) with good SERS geometry but rich in defects. The results suggest that the interfacial defects (twin boundaries and superlattices) in the NSs aggravate the electronic oscillation damping via reducing the free path of electron scattering. This eventually results in weak local electromagnetic fields near the NS surfaces (or weak SERS activity of the NSs). This study has demonstrated the huge impact of interfacial defects on SERS activity and thus has a significant guideline for the design and fabrication of efficient SERS substrates.
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