American Chemical Society
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Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Study on the Electron Capture Processes of Protonated Methane (CH5+)

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journal contribution
posted on 2008-11-20, 00:00 authored by Hiroto Tachikawa, Andrew J. Orr-Ewing
Electron capture dynamics of protonated methane (CH5+) have been investigated by means of a direct ab initio molecular dynamics (MD) method. First, the ground and two low-lying state structures of CH5+ with eclipsed Cs, staggered Cs and C2v symmetries were examined as initial geometries in the dynamics calculation. Next, the initial structures of CH5+ in the Franck−Condon (FC) region were generated by inclusion of zero point energy and then trajectories were run from the selected points on the assumption of vertical electron capture. Two competing reaction channels were observed: CH5+ + e → CH4 + H (I) and CH5+ + e → CH3 + H2 (II). Channel II occurred only from structures very close to the s-Cs geometry for which two protons with longer C−H distances are electronically equivalent in CH5+. These protons have the highest spin density as hydrogen atoms following vertical electron capture of CH5+ and are lost as H2. On the other hand, channel I was formed from a wide structural region of CH5+. The mechanism of the electron capture dynamics of CH5 is discussed on the basis of the theoretical results.