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A Universal Approximation for Conductance Blockade in Thin Nanopore Membranes

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posted on 2024-03-04, 17:24 authored by Arjav Shah, Shakul Pathak, Kun Li, Slaven Garaj, Martin Z. Bazant, Ankur Gupta, Patrick S. Doyle
Nanopore-based sensing platforms have transformed single-molecule detection and analysis. The foundation of nanopore translocation experiments lies in conductance measurements, yet existing models, which are largely phenomenological, are inaccurate in critical experimental conditions such as thin and tightly fitting pores. Of the two components of the conductance blockade, channel and access resistance, the access resistance is poorly modeled. We present a comprehensive investigation of the access resistance and associated conductance blockade in thin nanopore membranes. By combining a first-principles approach, multiscale modeling, and experimental validation, we propose a unified theoretical modeling framework. The analytical model derived as a result surpasses current approaches across a broad parameter range. Beyond advancing our theoretical understanding, our framework’s versatility enables analyte size inference and predictive insights into conductance blockade behavior. Our results will facilitate the design and optimization of nanopore devices for diverse applications, including nanopore base calling and data storage.

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