American Chemical Society
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A Surface Matrix of Au NPs Decorated Graphdiyne for Multifunctional Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-10-31, 19:43 authored by Jingxuan Pei, Yanfang Zhao, Shuting Zhang, Xiang Yu, Zhenfei Tian, Yibo Sun, Shiqing Ma, Ru-Song Zhao, Jianping Meng, Xiangfeng Chen, Fang Chen
The development of the valid strategy to enhance laser desorption/ionization efficiency gives rise to widespread concern in surface-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (SALDI-MS) technology. Herein, a hybrid of Au NP-decorated graphdiyne (Au/GDY) was fabricated and employed as the SALDI-MS matrix for the first time, and a mechanism based on photothermal and photochemical energy conversions was proposed to understand LDI processes. Given theoretical simulations and microstructure characterizations, it was revealed that the formation of a coupled thermal field and internal electric field endow the as-prepared Au/GDY matrix with superior desorption and ionization efficiency, respectively. Moreover, laser-induced matrix ablation introduced strain and defect level into the Au/GDY hybrid, suppressing the recombination of charge carriers and thereby facilitating analyte ionization. The optimized Au/GDY matrix allowed for reliable detection of trace sulfacetamide and visualization of exogenous/endogenous components in biological tissues. This work offers an integrated solution to promote LDI efficiency based on collaborative photothermal conversion and internal electric field, and may inspire the design of novel semiconductor-based surface matrices.