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A Splice Variant of BrrWSD1 in Turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) and Its Possible Role in Wax Ester Synthesis under Drought Stress

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journal contribution
posted on 25.09.2019, 13:35 by Yunqiang Yang, Yanan Pu, Xin Yin, Jiancan Du, Zhili Zhou, Danni Yang, Xudong Sun, Hang Sun, Yongping Yang
Cuticular wax accumulation in plants contributes to drought tolerance. Here, we compared the drought levels on two varieties with different genotypes in turnip (Brassica rapa var. rapa) and found that the drought tolerance was higher in the waxy KTRG-B48a than in the wax-free KTRG-B48b. A combination of PacBio and Illumina sequencing analyses revealed that differential transcripts were mainly enriched in the wax synthesis pathway, and a splice variant (BrrWSD1-X2) was identified in the waxy KTRG-B48a. BrrWSD1-X2 had a stronger ability to synthesize wax esters than BrrWSD1-X1 using heterologous expression in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) mutant H1246a. Then, we speculated that the T to C transversion of the third intron and the higher number of TA repeats in the third intron of BrrWSD1 DNA in the waxy KTRG-B48a may result in a lower efficiency of splicing recognition of the third intron, resulting in the emergence of BrrWSD1-X2 in waxy varieties.