A Smart Nanoassembly Consisting of Acid-Labile Vinyl Ether PEG−DOPE and Protamine for Gene Delivery: Preparation and in Vitro Transfection
journal contributionposted on 10.11.2008, 00:00 by Zhenghong Xu, Wangwen Gu, Lingli Chen, Yu Gao, Zhiwen Zhang, Yaping Li
The conception of a modular designed and viruslike nonviral vector has been presented for gene delivery. Recently, we constructed a new smart nanoassembly (SNA) with multifunctional components that was composed of a condensed core of pDNA with protamine sulfate (PS) and a dioleoyl phosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE)-based lipid envelope containing poly(ethylene glycol)−vinyl ether−DOPE (PVD). SNAs with mPEG 2000 (SNAs1) or mPEG 5000 (SNAs2) loading PS/DNA were prepared by the lipid film hydration technique. The particle size was about 160 nm for SNAs1 and 240 nm for SNAs2 loading PS/DNA (10:1 w/w), and the zeta potential was about 4 mV for two SNAs. The in vitro release experiment indicated that PVD possessed a good ability for self-dePEGylation, which could result in the recovery of an excellent fusogenic capacity of DOPE at low pH. SNAs showed a higher transfection efficiency and much lower cytotoxicity than did Lipofectamine 2000 on HEK 293, HeLa, and COS-7 cells. The cellular uptake and subcellular localization demonstrated that the superior transfection efficiency of SNAs could result from the fact that the DOPE-based lipid envelope containing PVD increased PS/DNA in the cytoplasm, and protamine enhanced the nuclear delivery or overcame the nuclear membrane barrier. These results implied that the PVD-based nanoassembly loading PS/DNA could be a promising gene delivery system.