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A Small Footprint and Robust Interface for Solid Phase Microextraction and Mass Spectrometry Based on Vibrating Sharp-Edge Spray Ionization

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-01-18, 14:33 authored by Jing Wang, Chong Li, Peng Li
Combining solid phase microextraction (SPME) and mass spectrometry (MS) analysis has become increasingly important to many bioanalytical, environmental, and forensic applications due to its simplicity, rapid analysis, and capability of reducing matrix effects for complex samples. To further promote the adoption of SPME-MS based analysis and expand its application scope calls for efficient and convenient interfaces that couple the SPME sample handling with the efficient analyte ionization for MS. Here, we report a novel interface that integrates both the desorption and the ionization steps in one device based on the capillary vibrating sharp-edge spray ionization (cVSSI) method. We demonstrated that the cVSSI is capable of nebulizing liquid samples in a pulled-tip glass capillary with a battery powered function generator. The cVSSI device allows the insertion of a SPME probe into the spray capillary for desorption and then direct nebulization of the desorption solvent in situ. With the integrated interface, we have demonstrated rapid MS analysis of drug compounds from serum samples. Quantitative determination of various drug compounds including metoprolol, pindolol, acebutolol, oxprenolol, capecitabine, and irinotecan was achieved with good linearity (R2 = 0.97–0.99) and limit of detection ranging from 0.25 to 0.59 ng/mL without using a high voltage source. Only 3.5 μL of desorption solvent and 3 min desorption time were needed for the present method. Overall, we demonstrated a portable SPME-MS interface featuring high sensitivity, short analysis time, small footprint, and low cost, which makes it an attractive method for many applications requiring sample cleanup including drug compound monitoring, environmental sample analysis, and forensic sample analysis.