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A Site-Isolated Iridium Diethylene Complex Supported on Highly Dealuminated Y Zeolite:  Synthesis and Characterization

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journal contribution
posted on 18.10.2007, 00:00 authored by Alper Uzun, Vinesh A. Bhirud, Philip W. Kletnieks, James F. Haw, Bruce C. Gates
Highly dealuminated Y zeolite-supported mononuclear iridium complexes with reactive ethylene ligands were synthesized by chemisorption of Ir(C2H4)2(C5H7O2). The resultant structure and its treatment in He, CO, ethylene, and H2 were investigated with infrared (IR) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopies. The IR spectra show that Ir(C2H4)2(C5H7O2) reacted readily with surface OH groups of the zeolite, leading to the removal of C5H7O2 ligands and the formation of supported mononuclear iridium complexes, confirmed by the lack of Ir−Ir contributions in the EXAFS spectra. The EXAFS data show that each Ir atom was bonded to four carbon atoms at an average distance of 2.10 Å, consistent with the presence of two ethylene ligands per Ir atom and in agreement with the IR spectra indicating π-bonded ethylene ligands. The EXAFS data also indicate that each Ir atom was bonded to two oxygen atoms of the zeolite at a distance of 2.15 Å. The supported iridium−ethylene complex reacted with H2 to give ethane, and it also catalyzed ethylene hydrogenation at atmospheric pressure and 294 K. Treatment of the sample in CO led to the formation of Ir(CO)2 complexes bonded to the zeolite. The sharpness of the υCO bands indicates a high degree of uniformity of these complexes on the support. The iridium−ethylene complex on the crystalline zeolite support is inferred to be one of the most nearly uniform supported metal complex catalysts. The results indicate that it is isostructural with a previously reported rhodium complex on the same zeolite; thus, the results are a start to a family of analogous, structurally well-defined supported metal complex catalysts.