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A Simple Multichromophore Design for Energy Transfer in Distyrylbenzenes with Pyrene Pendants

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journal contribution
posted on 09.11.2006, 00:00 by Cesar A. Sierra, Paul M. Lahti
A set of Don → Acc ← Don multichromophores was synthesized based on a simple design with two pyrene donors (absorbing antennae) connected to a bis-1,4-(3,4,5-trimethoxystyryl)benzene core acceptor using various flexible, nonconjugated tethers. Excitation of the pyrene donors at 276 nm in solution yields near exclusive emission from the core chromophore at 445−450 nm, with energy transfer efficiencies up to 92%, far better than achieved with simple mixtures. The simple tethering design imposes a high “local” concentration of the pyrene near the acceptor core unit that is maintained even at very low multichromophore concentrations. Solvent effects on absorption and emission spectra are very small, except in cases where a π-conjugating O−CO moiety of the tethering group is directly attached to the core chromophore, rather than being placed in the middle of the tether. Energy transfer in the systems is effective due to good donor−acceptor energy matching. The optimal energy transfer efficiency was achieved using an eight-atom flexible linker.