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A Rapid 1H NMR-Based Estimation of PONA for Light and Narrow Cut Naphtha Samples of Refinery Streams toward BS-VI Gasoline

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journal contribution
posted on 08.04.2021, 09:43 by Sujit Mondal, Kalicharan Chattopadhayay, Ravindra Kumar, Jayaraj Christopher, Gurpreet S. Kapur
A rapid method based on quantitative 1H NMR spectroscopy for the accurate estimation of paraffins (P), olefins (O), naphthenes (N), and aromatics (A), i.e., PONA, in extremely light to middle cut naphtha (boiling points ranging from C4/C5 to 130/140 °C and various heart cuts in-between, like C5-60, 60-70, 70-90, 90-140 °C cuts and many more that are being processed for BS-VI gasoline pool) has been developed. The method relies on accurate assignments of various kinds of quaternary-carbons, CHs, CH2s, and CH3s present in these light samples overwhelmingly populated with low-molecular-weight alkanes-alkenes, isoalkanes-isoalkenes, and cycloalkanes-cycloalkenes as the constituents by edited HSQC NMR. Our earlier group molecular weight (GMWt)-based methods for PNA estimation has thus been appropriately modified in terms of assignment of 1H NMR spectrum to CHn (n = 0, 1, 2, and 3) groups toward estimation of the relative number of carbon and hydrogen atoms, which are imperative to the GMWt-based method, to accommodate all possible variations. The GMWt method coupled with our recently developed multiplication factor-based olefin estimation wholly estimate the PONA for these lightest liquid streams from refineries. The developed method is well suited for monitoring pilot plant processes where high sample throughput and instant results are warranted. The values thus obtained were compared with detailed hydrocarbon analysis (DHA) following ASTM D6730 and by the reformulyzer-based ASTM D6839 method.