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A Pyrene-Based, Fluorescent Three-Dimensional Covalent Organic Framework

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journal contribution
posted on 29.02.2016, 00:00 by Guiqing Lin, Huimin Ding, Daqiang Yuan, Baoshan Wang, Cheng Wang
The targeted synthesis of 3D COFs has been considered challenging, especially adopting new topologies and bearing photoelectric units. Herein, for the first time, we report the synthesis and characterization of a novel 3D pyrene-based COF (3D-Py-COF), by selectively choosing the geometry of the precursors and the connection patterns. Based on X-ray diffraction measurement and detailed simulations, 3D-Py-COF is proposed to adopt a two-fold interpenetrated pts topology, which has never been reported before. In addition, 3D-Py-COF has a narrow pore size distribution and high surface area and also features selective absorption of CO2 over N2. Interestingly, due to the existence of isolated pyrene units in the 3D framework, 3D-Py-COF is the first fluorescent 3D COF and can be used in explosive detection. Our results not only show it is possible to rationally design and synthesize 3D COFs with other topologies but also demonstrate that the incorporation of photoelectric units into 3D COFs can allow the resulting materials with interesting properties.