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A Proteomic Approach toward the Selection of Proteins with Enhanced Intrinsic Conformational Stability

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journal contribution
posted on 06.10.2006, 00:00 by Vesna Prosinecki, Hugo M. Botelho, Simona Francese, Guido Mastrobuoni, Gloriano Moneti, Tim Urich, Arnulf Kletzin, Cláudio M. Gomes
A detailed understanding of the molecular basis of protein folding and stability determinants partly relies on the study of proteins with enhanced conformational stability properties, such as those from thermophilic organisms. In this study, we set up a methodology aiming at identifying the subset of cytosolic hyperstable proteins using Sulfurispharea sp., a hyperthermophilic archaeon, able to grow between 70 and 97 °C, as a model organism. We have thermally and chemically perturbed the cytosolic proteome as a function of time (up to 96 h incubation at 90 °C), and proceeded with analysis of the remaining proteins by combining one- and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, liquid chromatography fractionation, and protein identification by N-terminal sequencing and mass spectrometry methods. In total, 14 proteins with enhanced stabilities which are involved in key cellular processes such as detoxification, nucleic acid processing, and energy metabolism were identified including a superoxide dismutase, a peroxiredoxin, and a ferredoxin. We demonstrate that these proteins are biologically active after extensive thermal treatment of the proteome. The relevance of these and other targets is discussed in terms of the organism's ecology. This work thus illustrates an experimental approach aimed at mining a proteome for hyperstable proteins, a valuable tool for target selection in protein stability and structural studies. Keywords: Archaea • Thermophiles • Protein Folding and Stability • Superoxide dismutase • Ferredoxin