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A Novel Tin-Bonded Silicon Anode for Lithium-Ion Batteries

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journal contribution
posted on 17.09.2021, 20:29 by Zhe Dong, Wubin Du, Chenhui Yan, Chenyang Zhang, Gairong Chen, Jian Chen, Wenping Sun, Yinzhu Jiang, Yongfeng Liu, Mingxia Gao, Jiantuo Gan, Yaxiong Yang, Hongge Pan
Poor cyclic stability and low rate performance due to dramatic volume change and low intrinsic electronic conductivity are the two key issues needing to be urgently solved in silicon (Si)-based anodes for lithium-ion batteries. Herein, a novel tin (Sn)-bonded Si anode is proposed for the first time. Sn, which has a high electronic conductivity, is used to bond the Si-anode material and copper (Cu) current collector together using a hot-pressed method with a temperature slightly above the melting point of Sn. The cycling performance of the electrode is studied using a galvanostatic method. Nanoindentation and peeling tests are conducted to measure the mechanical strength of the electrodes. Direct current polarization and galvanostatic intermittent titration techniques are applied to assess the conductivity of the composites. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy are conducted to evaluate the effect of the coating layer on the cycling ability of the composites. The Sn-bonded Si anodes show superior cycling stability and high rate performance with an improved initial Coulombic efficiency. Analyses reveal that the low-melting-point Sn helps to markedly improve the electronic conductivity of the electrodes and serves as a metallic binder as well to enhance the adhesive strength of the electrode. It is hopeful that this novel Sn-bonded Si anode provides a new insight for the development of advanced Si-based anodes for LIBs.