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A Novel Synthesis of Chiral Guanidinium Receptors and Their Use in Unfolding the Energetics of Enantiorecognition of Chiral Carboxylates

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journal contribution
posted on 01.02.2008, 00:00 authored by Vinod D. Jadhav, Franz P. Schmidtchen
A novel synthetic route to the versatile chiral bicyclic guanidinium building block is described making use of l-methionine as a starting material from the natural chiral pool. Furthermore, the synthetic elaboration of this building block is shown in the construction of macrocyclic and open chain hosts, respectively. The host design employs urea functions as the connecting units and supplementary anchor groups for the complexation of anions. The binding studies of these hosts with various chiral and achiral oxoanions are performed by isothermal titration calorimetry. A trend analysis of the binding energetics in an ensemble of structurally similar guests discloses the importance of geometrical confinement of the guest. Association entropy rather than free energy (affinity) is identified as an indicator of structural uniqueness needed to distinguish configurational isomers in the recognition of enantiomeric carboxylates by the chiral guanidinium hosts.