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A New Generation of Sludge-Based Adsorbents for H2S Abatement at Room Temperature

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journal contribution
posted on 15.06.2007, 00:00 by Anna Ros, M. Angeles Lillo-Ródenas, Carla Canals-Batlle, Enrique Fuente, Miguel A. Montes-Morán, María J. Martin, Angel Linares-Solano
The present paper discusses H2S removal by a new generation of sewage-sludge-derived materials which are characterized by their outstanding textural properties when compared to previous materials obtained by pyrolysis and/or activation of similar precursors. Alkaline hydroxide activation was used to prepare adsorbents/catalysts covering a wide range of porosities (SBET values from 10 to 1300 m2 g-1). Our results outline that textural properties are important for H2S abatement. However, not only highly porous sorbents, but also a high metallic content and a basic pH of these materials are required to achieve good performances. Proper combinations of textural properties and alkalinity render superior performances with retention values (x/M) as high as 456 mg of H2S removed per g of material. These retention capacities outperform previously published data for sewage-sludge derived materials and those achieved with commercial materials (including some activated carbons). Sulfur titration shows that most H2S is removed in the form of elemental sulfur, especially in the sewage/NaOH materials.