American Chemical Society
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A New Docking Domain Type in the Peptide-Antimicrobial-Xenorhabdus Peptide Producing Nonribosomal Peptide Synthetase from Xenorhabdus bovienii

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-03-24, 18:36 authored by Jonas Watzel, Carolin Hacker, Elke Duchardt-Ferner, Helge B. Bode, Jens Wöhnert
Nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs) produce a wide variety of different natural products from amino acid precursors. In contrast to single protein NRPS, the NRPS of the bacterium Xenorhabdus bovienii producing the peptide-antimicrobial-Xenorhabdus (PAX) peptide consists of three individual proteins (PaxA/B/C), which interact with each other noncovalently in a linear fashion. The specific interactions between the three different proteins in this NRPS system are mediated by short C- and N-terminal docking domains (C/NDDs). Here, we investigate the structural basis for the specific interaction between the CDD from the protein PaxB and the NDD from PaxC. The isolated DD peptides feature transient α-helical conformations in the absence of the respective DD partner. Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) titration experiments showed that the two isolated DDs bind to each other and form a structurally well-defined complex with a dissociation constant in the micromolar range as is typical for many DD interactions. Artificial linking of this DD pair via a flexible glycine–serine (GS) linker enabled us to solve the structure of the DD complex by NMR spectroscopy. In the complex, the two DDs interact with each other by forming a three helix bundle arranged in an overall coiled-coil motif. Key interacting residues were identified in mutagenesis experiments. Overall, our structure of the PaxB CDD/PaxC NDD complex represents an architecturally new type of DD interaction motif.