A Modular Route for the Synthesis of ABC Miktoarm Star Terpolymers via a New Alkyne-Substituted Diphenylethylene Derivative
journal contributionposted on 20.02.2016, 08:15 by Andreas Hanisch, Holger Schmalz, Axel H. E. Müller
We introduce a modular route for the synthesis of well-defined ABC miktoarm star terpolymers. To this aim, the synthesis of a 1,1-diphenylethylene derivative bearing a protected alkyne function (1-[(4-(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)ethynyl)phenyl]-1-phenylethylene) was developed. This compound was for the first time employed in sequential anionic polymerization to readily prepare alkyne mid-functionalized diblock copolymers with polybutadiene as first and a poly(alkyl methacrylate) (poly(tert-butyl methacrylate), poly(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate)) as second block. For the third arm controlled radical polymerization methods (polystyrene, poly(tert-butyl methacrylate), poly(N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate)) and anionic ring-opening polymerization (poly(ethylene oxide)) were used to separately prepare homopolymers with an azido function. Afterward, azide–alkyne Huisgen cycloaddition was successfully employed to synthesize a library of ABC miktoarm star terpolymers with different molecular weights and chemical compositions via modular combination of the functionalized diblock copolymers and homopolymers. The resulting new ABC miktoarm star terpolymers showed narrow, monomodal molecular weight distributions with dispersities typically below 1.10, as determined by size exclusion chromatography.