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A General Nickel-Catalyzed Kumada Vinylation for the Preparation of 2‑Substituted 1,3-Dienes

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journal contribution
posted on 2018-01-05, 00:00 authored by Daniele Fiorito, Sarah Folliet, Yangbin Liu, Clément Mazet
The identification of two nickel­(II) precatalysts for the preparation of 2-substituted 1,3-dienes by a Kumada cross-coupling between vinyl magnesium bromide and vinyl phosphates is described. This is noteworthy as engaging only one vinyl derivative in a transition-metal-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction is already reputedly challenging. Salient features of this method are its operational simplicity, the mild reaction conditions, the low catalyst loadings, the short reaction times, its scalability, and the use of stoichiometric quantities of each coupling partner. The tolerance of the two nickel catalysts to an important number of reactive functional groups and their compatibility with structurally complex molecular architectures has been extensively delineated. A Negishi variant of the reaction has been developed for even more sensitive organic functions such as ester or nitrile. Several other conjugated 1,3-dienes with various substitution patterns have been prepared by combining commercial alkenyl Grignard reagents and/or readily available alkenyl enol phosphates. Proper choice of the nickel catalyst and the reaction temperature gave access to a variety of different olefin isomers with high levels of stereocontrol. Overall, this approach affords conjugated dienes that would not be accessible otherwise and therefore provides a valuable complement to existing methods.

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