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A Direct n‑Butane Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Using Ba(Zr0.1Ce0.7Y0.1Yb0.1)0.9Ni0.05Ru0.05O3−δ Perovskite as the Reforming Layer

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journal contribution
posted on 22.04.2021, 16:44 by Dongfeng Wang, Shao Ing Wong, Jaka Sunarso, Meigui Xu, Wei Wang, Ran Ran, Wei Zhou, Zongping Shao
Hydrocarbon-fueled solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) that can operate in the intermediate temperature range of 500–700 °C represent an attractive SOFC device for combined heat and power applications in the industrial market. One of the ways to realize such a device relies upon exploiting an in situ steam reforming process in the anode catalyzed by an anti-carbon coking catalyst. Here, we report a new Ni and Ru bimetal-doped perovskite catalyst, Ba­(Zr0.1Ce0.7Y0.1Yb0.1)0.9Ni0.05Ru0.05O3−δ (BZCYYbNRu), with enhanced catalytic hydrogen production activity on n-butane (C4H10), which can resist carbon coking over extended operation durations. Ru in the perovskite lattice inhibits Ni precipitation from perovskite, and the high water adsorption capacity of proton conducting perovskite improves the coking resistance of BZCYYbNRu. When BZCYYbNRu is used as a steam reforming catalyst layer on a Ni-YSZ-supported anode, the single fuel cell not only achieves a higher power density of 1113 mW cm–2 at 700 °C under a 10 mL min–1 C4H10 continuous feed stream at a steam to carbon (H2O/C) ratio of 0.5 but also shows a much better operational stability for 100 h at 600 °C compared with those reported in the literature.