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A Dinuclear Copper(II) Complex with Adeninate Bridge Ligands and Prominent DNA Cleavage Activity. Structural and Spectroscopic Characterization and Magnetic Properties

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journal contribution
posted on 20.08.2007, 00:00 by José Luis García-Giménez, Gloria Alzuet, Marta González-Álvarez, Alfonso Castiñeiras, Malva Liu-González, Joaquín Borrás
A new dinuclear copper(II) complex has been synthesized and structurally characterized:  [Cu(μ-ade)(tolSO3)(phen)]2·2H2O (Hade = adenine, tolSO3- = toluenesulfonate anion). Its magnetic properties and electronic paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra have been studied in detail. The compound has two metal centers bridged by two adeninate NCN groups. The coordination geometry of the copper(II) ions in the dinuclear entity is distorted square pyramidal, with the four equatorial positions occupied by two phenanthroline N atoms and two N atoms from different adenine molecules. The axial position is occupied by one sulfonate O atom. Magnetic susceptibility data show antiferromagnetic behavior with an estimated exchange constant of −2J = 65 cm-1. The EPR spectrum has been obtained at both X- and Q-band frequencies; a study at different temperatures has been carried out at the latter. Above 20 K, the Q-band spectra are characteristic of S = 1 species with a small zero-field splitting parameter (D = 0.0970 cm-1). A detailed study of the DNA−complex interaction has been performed. The title complex efficiently cleaves the pUC18 plasmid in the presence of reducing agents. Both the kinetics and the mechanism of the cleavage reaction are examined and described herein.