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A DFT Approach to the Mechanistic Study of Hydrozone Hydrolysis

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journal contribution
posted on 02.05.2016, 00:00 by Ibrahim Yildiz
Hydrazone chemistry is widely utilized in biomedical field as a means of bioconjugation protocol, especially in drug delivery field due to pH labile nature of this linkage. In the light of kinetics studies, the generally accepted mechanism for the hydrolysis of hydrazones involves two main steps, namely, nucleophilic addition of water molecule to the hydrazone molecule to form carbinolamine intermediate and subsequent decomposition of this intermediate into the hydrazine and aldehyde/ketone moieties. Hydrolysis of hydrazones is catalyzed in the acidic environments and is thought to proceed through several proton transfer steps. To the best of our knowledge, in the literature no detailed theoretical study has been reported related to the mechanism of hydrolysis. In this study, we evaluated the proposed mechanism with DFT calculations with M06-2X functional at the 6-311+g­(d,p) level including conductor-like polarizable continuum model solvation model. We also analyzed possible proton transfer pathways and assessed energetics of each step.