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A Confined Fabrication of Perovskite Quantum Dots in Oriented MOF Thin Film

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journal contribution
posted on 10.10.2016, 00:00 by Zheng Chen, Zhi-Gang Gu, Wen-Qiang Fu, Fei Wang, Jian Zhang
Organic–inorganic hybrid lead organohalide perovskites are inexpensive materials for high-efficiency photovoltaic solar cells, optical properties, and superior electrical conductivity. However, the fabrication of their quantum dots (QDs) with uniform ultrasmall particles is still a challenge. Here we use oriented microporous metal–organic framework (MOF) thin film prepared by liquid phase epitaxy approach as a template for CH3NH3PbI2X (X = Cl, Br, and I) perovskite QDs fabrication. By introducing the PbI2 and CH3NH3X (MAX) precursors into MOF HKUST-1 (Cu3(BTC)2, BTC = 1,3,5-benzene tricarboxylate) thin film in a stepwise approach, the resulting perovskite MAPbI2X (X = Cl, Br, and I) QDs with uniform diameters of 1.5–2 nm match the pore size of HKUST-1. Furthermore, the photoluminescent properties and stability in the moist air of the perovskite QDs loaded HKUST-1 thin film were studied. This confined fabrication strategy demonstrates that the perovskite QDs loaded MOF thin film will be insensitive to air exposure and offers a novel means of confining the uniform size of the similar perovskite QDs according to the oriented porous MOF materials.