American Chemical Society
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A Cationic Metal–Organic Solid Solution Based on Co(II) and Zn(II) for Chromate Trapping

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journal contribution
posted on 2016-02-19, 18:47 authored by Honghan Fei, Cari S. Han, Jeremy C. Robins, Scott R. J. Oliver
We report the synthesis and characterization of a solid solution series of cationic metal–organic materials with full compositional range from pure Co­(II) to Zn­(II) end-members. The materials consist of [Znx­Co1–x­(H2O)4­(4,4′-bipy)2]2+ metal–organic clusters that π–π stack into 2-D positively charged layers, with the metal ratio tunable by molar ratio under hydrothermal conditions. The interlamellar α,ω-alkane­disulfonate serves as an anionic template and noncovalently interacts with the cationic layers. The weak interaction allows anion exchange for toxic oxometal anions, such as chromate, CrO42–. The highest chromate adsorption capacity was 68.5 mg/g (0.43 mol/mol) for the as-synthesized 50 mol % Co­(II)-incorporated material. Our cationic material can also selectively trap these toxic oxo-anions when nontoxic anions (e.g., nitrate, sulfate) were present in an over 50-fold excess concentration.