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A 2D Covalent Organic Framework with 4.7-nm Pores and Insight into Its Interlayer Stacking

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journal contribution
posted on 22.02.2016, 12:07 by Eric L. Spitler, Brian T. Koo, Jennifer L. Novotney, John W. Colson, Fernando J. Uribe-Romo, Gregory D. Gutierrez, Paulette Clancy, William R. Dichtel
Two-dimensional layered covalent organic frameworks (2D COFs) organize π-electron systems into ordered structures ideal for exciton and charge transport and exhibit permanent porosity available for subsequent functionalization. A 2D COF with the largest pores reported to date was synthesized by condensing 2,3,6,7,10,11-hexahydroxytriphenylene (HHTP) and 4,4′-diphenylbutadiynebis(boronic acid) (DPB). The COF was prepared as both a high surface area microcrystalline powder as well as a vertically oriented thin film on a transparent single-layer graphene/fused silica substrate. Complementary molecular dynamics and density functional theory calculations provide insight into the interlayer spacing of the COF and suggest that adjacent layers are horizontally offset by 1.7–1.8 Å, in contrast to the eclipsed AA stacking typically proposed for these materials.