American Chemical Society
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AROFRAGA Systematic Approach for Fragmentation of Aromatic Molecules

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-01-22, 20:33 authored by Emran Masoumifeshani, Tatiana Korona
We present a new systematic fragmentation scheme of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), including fullerenes and nanotubes, based on an idea to treat a sextet ring as a single unbreakable unit so that the basic unit of aromaticity remains preserved upon fragmentation. In the approach, denoted as AROFRAG (from aromatic fragmentation), a set of predefined elementary subsystems, such as naphthalene and biphenyl in the first model and larger PAHs in the second and third models, is generated with appropriate weights with the aim of reproducing the structure of the original molecule. The energies of the molecules are approximated as weighted sums of the energies of these subsystems. For symmetric cases, e.g., fullerenes, the point-group symmetry is preserved during the decomposition. The AROFRAG is used in conjunction with the molecule-in-molecule (MIM) technique to obtain an accurate description of the electronic energies. The new approach has been applied for selected graphene structures and fullerene doped with boron and nitrogen atoms, for which isomerization energies were calculated, as well as for several nanotubes and regular fullerene molecules. The combination of the third AROFRAG model and the MIM approach leads to the reproduction of electronic energies with a few milli-hartree accuracy at a fraction of the computational cost of the original method.