American Chemical Society
mp2c00579_si_001.pdf (3.36 MB)

86Y-Labeled Albumin-Binding Fibroblast Activation Protein Inhibitor for Late-Time-Point Cancer Diagnosis

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-08-17, 15:20 authored by Jie Ding, Mengxin Xu, Junyi Chen, Pu Zhang, Li Huo, Ziren Kong, Zhibo Liu
Fibroblast activation protein inhibitor (FAPI) is a novel quinoline-based radiopharmaceutical that has theranostic potential, yet the limited tumor retention hinders late-time diagnosis and radionuclide treatment. This study synthesized four albumin-binding FAPIs (TE-FAPI-01 to 04) and evaluated their in vitro stability, binding affinity, in vivo biodistribution, and tumor uptake with 68Ga, 86Y, and 177Lu labeling, aiming to select the best molecule that has favorable pharmacokinetics to extend the blood circulation and tumor uptake in FAP-expressing tumors. All TE-FAPIs were stable in saline and plasma and displayed high FAP-binding affinity, with IC50 values ranging from 3.96 to 34.9 nmol/L. The capabilities of TE-FAPIs to be retained in circulation were higher than that of FAPI-04, and TE-FAPI-04 displayed minimum physiological uptake in major organs compared with other molecules. TE-FAPI-03 and TE-FAPI-04 exhibited persistent tumor accumulation, with tumor radioactivity 24 h after administration of 2.84 ± 1.19%ID/g and 3.86 ± 1.15%ID/g for 177Lu-TE-FAPI-03 and 177Lu-TE-FAPI-04, respectively, both of which outperformed 177Lu-FAPI-04 (0.34 ± 0.07%ID/g). TE-FAPI-04 was recognized as the albumin-binding FAPI with the most favorable pharmacokinetics and imaging performance. The enhanced circulation half-life and tumor uptake of TE-FAPI-04 aided the theranostics of malignant tumors and warrant further clinical investigations.