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4‑[18F]Fluoro‑m‑hydroxyphenethylguanidine: A Radiopharmaceutical for Quantifying Regional Cardiac Sympathetic Nerve Density with Positron Emission Tomography

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posted on 2013-09-26, 00:00 authored by Keun Sam Jang, Yong-Woon Jung, Guie Gu, Robert A. Koeppe, Phillip S. Sherman, Carole A. Quesada, David M. Raffel
4-[18F]­Fluoro-m-hydroxyphenethylguanidine ([18F]­4F-MHPG, [18F]1) is a new cardiac sympathetic nerve radiotracer with kinetic properties favorable for quantifying regional nerve density with PET and tracer kinetic analysis. An automated synthesis of [18F]1 was developed in which the intermediate 4-[18F]­fluoro-m-tyramine ([18F]16) was prepared using a diaryliodonium salt precursor for nucleophilic aromatic [18F]­fluorination. In PET imaging studies in rhesus macaque monkeys, [18F]1 demonstrated high quality cardiac images with low uptake in lungs and the liver. Compartmental modeling of [18F]1 kinetics provided net uptake rate constants Ki (mL/min/g wet), and Patlak graphical analysis of [18F]1 kinetics provided Patlak slopes Kp (mL/min/g). In pharmacological blocking studies with the norepinephrine transporter inhibitor desipramine (DMI), each of these quantitative measures declined in a dose-dependent manner with increasing DMI doses. These initial results strongly suggest that [18F]1 can provide quantitative measures of regional cardiac sympathetic nerve density in human hearts using PET.

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