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2‑Phenylindole and Arylsulphonamide: Novel Scaffolds Bactericidal against Mycobacterium tuberculosis

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journal contribution
posted on 2014-09-11, 00:00 authored by Maruti Naik, Sandeep Ghorpade, Lalit Kumar Jena, Gopinath Gorai, Ashwini Narayan, Supreeth Guptha, Sreevalli Sharma, Neela Dinesh, Parvinder Kaur, Radha Nandishaiah, Jyothi Bhat, Gayathri Balakrishnan, Vaishali Humnabadkar, Vasanthi Ramachandran, Lava Kumar Naviri, Pallavi Khadtare, Manoranjan Panda, Pravin S. Iyer, Monalisa Chatterji
A cellular activity-based screen on Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) H37Rv using a focused library from the AstraZeneca corporate collection led to the identification of 2-phenylindoles and arylsulphonamides, novel antimycobacterial scaffolds. Both the series were bactericidal in vitro and in an intracellular macrophage infection model, active against drug sensitive and drug resistant Mtb clinical isolates, and specific to mycobacteria. The scaffolds showed promising structure–activity relationships; compounds with submicromolar cellular potency were identified during the hit to lead exploration. Furthermore, compounds from both scaffolds were tested for inhibition of known target enzymes or pathways of antimycobacterial drugs including InhA, RNA polymerase, DprE1, topoisomerases, protein synthesis, and oxidative-phosphorylation. Compounds did not inhibit any of the targets suggesting the potential of a possible novel mode of action(s). Hence, both scaffolds provide the opportunity to be developed further as leads and tool compounds to uncover novel mechanisms for tuberculosis drug discovery.