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2D Organic Superlattice Promoted via Combined Action of π–π Stacking and Dipole–Dipole Interaction in Discotic Liquid Crystals

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journal contribution
posted on 20.07.2017, 00:00 by Wanying Zhang, Shuaifeng Zhang, Zhenhu Zhang, Huanzhi Yang, Ao Zhang, Xingtian Hao, Jianchuang Wang, Chunxiu Zhang, Jialing Pu
A series of discotic liquid crystals based on hexapentyloxytriphenylene (HAT5) have been investigated where one out of the six ether side chains of a triphenylene core was replaced by an ester side chain and named for 5a5h. During the process of studying these compounds, the characteristic straight line defect of ordered columnar structure was identified by polarizing optical microscopy (POM) and liquid crystal state over a wide temperature range was obtained by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Basic phase structure and molecular arrangement were assigned by one-dimensional wide-angle X-ray diffraction (1D WAXD), small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), two-dimensional wide-angle X-ray diffraction (2D WAXD), and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Combined with sharp and regular dots in 2D WAXD patterns and characteristic peaks at small angle in SAXS pattern which indicated the existence of superlattice, we proved that 2D superlattice formed from self-assembly of discotic molecules with a polar group via π–π stacking and dipole–dipole interaction. In order to verify the effect of orientation on charge carrier mobility, their electron and hole mobilities were measured by time-of-flight (TOF) device, among which the charge carrier mobility could achieve almost twice as that of HAT5. The formation of superlattice no doubt improved their electronic properties and made them more attractive in organic electronics.