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2-Azabicyclo[2.1.1]hexanes. 2. Substituent Effects on the Bromine-Mediated Rearrangement of 2-Azabicyclo[2.2.0]hex-5-enes

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journal contribution
posted on 15.02.2001, 00:00 by Grant R. Krow, Yoon B. Lee, Walden S. Lester, Nian Liu, Jing Yuan, Jingqi Duo, Seth B. Herzon, Yen Nguyen, David Zacharias
Methyl- and phenyl-substituted N-(ethoxycarbonyl)-2-azabicyclo[2.2.0]hex-5-enes 6 have been prepared by photoirradiation of appropriately substituted 1,2-dihydropyridines. Torquoselectivity is observed in the synthesis of the 3-endo-methyl- and 3-endo-phenyl-2-azabicyclo[2.2.0]hexenes 6ce from 2-methyl- and 2-phenyl-1,2-dihydropyridines 5ce. Products formed upon addition of bromine to 3-endo-, 4-, and 5-methyl- and 3-endo-phenyl-substituted N-(ethoxycarbonyl)-2-azabicyclo[2.2.0]hex-5-enes 6af were substituent dependent. For 6a,b, which lack substituents at C3 or C5, mixtures of unrearranged dibromides 8a,b and rearranged dibromides 9a,b were obtained. With the 3-endo-substituents in 6ce, only rearranged dibromides 9ce were formed; 5-methyl substitution afforded mainly unrearranged dibromide 8f and some allylic bromide 10. Both unrearranged 5-endo,6-exo-dibromo-2-azabicyclo[2.2.0]hexanes 8 and rearranged 5-anti-6-anti-dibromo-2-azabicyclo[2.1.1]hexanes 9 are formed stereoselectively. The dibromoazabicyclo[2.1.1]hexanes 9 have been reductively debrominated to afford the first reported 2-azabicyclo[2.1.1]hexanes 11 with alkyl or aryl substituents at C-3.