1,4-Shifts in a Dinuclear Ni(I) Biarylyl Complex: A Mechanistic Study of C−H Bond Activation by Monovalent Nickel
journal contributionposted on 31.01.2007, 00:00 by Alana L. Keen, Meghan Doster, Samuel A. Johnson
The known aryne complex (PEt3)2Ni(η2-C6H2-4,5-F2) (1a) reacts with a catalytic amount of Br2Ni(PEt3)2 over 1% Na/Hg to afford the dinuclear Ni(I) biarylyl complex [(PEt3)2Ni]2(μ-η1:η1-3,4-F2C6H2-3‘,4‘-F2C6H2) (2a), which results from a combination of C−C bond formation and C−H bond rearrangement. The dinuclear benzyne [(PEt3)2Ni]2(μ-η2:η2-C6H2-4,5-F2) (3) was obtained by the reaction of 1a with a stoichiometric amount of Br2Ni(PEt3)2 over excess 1% Na/Hg, and 3 was found to catalyze the conversion of 1a to 2a. The reaction of 1a with B(C6F5)3 produced the trinuclear complex (PEt3)3Ni3(μ3:η1:η1:η2-4,5-F2C6H2)(μ3:η1:η1:η2-4,5-F2C6H2-4‘,5‘-F2C6H2) (6). The addition of PEt3 to 6 produced 1 equiv of 1a and 1 equiv of [(PEt3)2Ni]2(μ-η1:η1-4,5-F2C6H2-4‘,5‘-F2C6H2) (7a). Both 6 and 7a were identified as intermediates in the conversion of 1a to 2a. The analogue [(PEt3)(PMe3)Ni]2(μ-η1:η1-4,5-F2C6H2-4‘,5‘-F2C6H2) (7b) was prepared by the addition of PMe3 to 6 and was structurally characterized. NMR spectroscopic evidence identified the additional asymmetric biarylyl [(PEt3)2Ni]2(μ-η1:η1-4,5-F2C6H2-3‘,4‘-F2C6H2) (8a) during the conversion of 1a to 2a. The initial observation of 2 equiv of 8a for every equivalent of 2a produced from solutions of 7a suggests that 8a and 2a are formed from a common intermediate. A crossover labeling experiment shows that the C−H bond rearrangement steps in the conversion of 1a to 2a occur with the intermolecular scrambling of hydrogen and deuterium labels. The evidence collected suggests that Ni(I) complexes are capable of activating aromatic C−H bonds.