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d‑Alanylation in the Assembly of Ansatrienin Side Chain Is Catalyzed by a Modular NRPS

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journal contribution
posted on 25.01.2016, 00:00 by Guoyin Shi, Ning Shi, Yaoyao Li, Wang Chen, Jingjing Deng, Chao Liu, Jing Zhu, Haoxin Wang, Yuemao Shen
Ansatrienins are a group of ansamycins with an N-cyclohexanoyl d-alanyl side chain. Though ansatrienins have been identified for decades, the mechanism for the addition of this unique side chain was not established. Here, we report the biochemical characterization of a tridomain nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS), AstC, and an N-acyltransferase, AstF1, encoded in the biosynthetic pathway of ansatrienins. We demonstrate that AstC can efficiently catalyze the transfer of d-alanine to the C-11 hydroxyl group of ansatrienins, and AstF1 is able to attach the cyclohexanoyl group to the amino group of d-alanine. Remarkably, AstC presents the first example that a modular NRPS can catalyze intermolecular d-alanylation of the hydroxyl group to form an ester bond, though alanyl natural products have been known for decades. In addition, both AstC and AstF1 have broad substrate specificity toward acyl donors, which can be utilized to create novel ansatrienins.