(M)- and (P)‑Bicelaphanol A, Dimeric Trinorditerpenes with Promising Neuroprotective Activity from Celastrus orbiculatus

(M)-Bicelaphanol A (1) and (P)-bicelaphanol A (2), two unprecedented dimeric trinorditerpenes existing as atropisomers, together with their monomer celaphanol A (3), were isolated from the root bark of Celastrus orbiculatus. The structures and absolute configurations of 1 and 2 were determined by spectroscopic and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. Compound 1 exhibited a significant in vitro neuroprotective effect against a hydrogen peroxide-induced cell viability decrease in PC12 cells at 1 μM, while compounds 2 and 3 showed such effects at 10 μM.