Unravelling Electroplex Emission from Long-Range Charge Transfer Based on a Phosphorescent Dendrimer as the Electron Donor

We report the exceptionally long-range charge-transfer-induced electroplex between a neat dendrimer emitter and the adjacent electron-transporting layer (ETL). Interestingly, the electroplex exists even in the dilute emitter with a sufficiently low concentration (0.5 wt %) in an inert host. The iridium dendrimer with the carbazole-based dendritic ligands exhibits bright emission, peaking at 536 nm, with a full width at half-maximum (fwhm) of 77 nm in the devices without any ETLs. Unexpectedly, once the ETLs are inserted, a significantly broadened emission (fwhm = 115 nm) is detectable under electroluminescence. Taking advantage of the broad interfacial electroplex emission, a hybrid warm-white device was demonstrated by combining a sky-blue thermally activated delayed fluorescence emitter, exhibiting a maximum external quantum efficiency of 13.7%, which is an order of magnitude higher than that of any other reported works based on the electroplex white organic light-emitting diodes.