Two-Way CO2‑Responsive Polymer Particles with Controllable Amphiphilic Properties
journal contributionposted on 22.01.2020 by Yeong-Tarng Shieh, Yao-Chuan Yeh, Chih-Chia Cheng
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
Multiple stimuli-responsive amphiphilic block copolymers of poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA) and poly(2-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) were used as emulsifiers to prepare two-way CO2 stimuli-responsive poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) latex particles via aqueous emulsion polymerization. The polymerization at pH 2 and 50 °C produced mainly PDMAEMA-surfaced PMMA latex particles, whereas the polymerization at pH 12 and 50 °C produced mainly PMAA-surfaced particles. Both types of latex particles appeared to precipitate at higher pH values from the emulsifier of a longer PDMAEMA block length. The direction from precipitation to dispersion for PDMAEMA-surfaced particles or from dispersion to precipitation for PMAA-surfaced particles in response to CO2 bubbling of the pH 12 dispersion of particles depended on the PDMAEMA block length. Together, this study reveals thatby tuning the PDMAEMA block length in PMAA-b-PDMAEMA used as an emulsifier and polymerization at pH 2 or 12PMMA latex particles can exhibit two-way CO2 responsiveness between dispersion and precipitation. Thus, due to their simple preparation and unique dual pH and CO2 responsiveness, these newly developed PMAA-b-PDMAEMA emulsifiers provide a highly efficient approach for the development of smart PMMA latex nanoparticles with desirable multifunctional properties.