The Intramolecular Hydrogen Bond N–H···S in 2,2′-Diaminodiphenyl Disulfide: Experimental and Computational Thermochemistry
journal contributionposted on 08.12.2017, 00:00 by Fernando Ramos, Henoc Flores, Julio M. Hernández-Pérez, Jacinto Sandoval-Lira, E. Adriana Camarillo
The intramolecular hydrogen bond of the N–H···S type has been investigated sparingly by thermochemical and computational methods. In order to study this interaction, the standard molar enthalpies of formation in gaseous phase of diphenyl disulfide, 2,2′-diaminodiphenyl disulfide and 4,4′-diaminodiphenyl disulfide at T = 298.15 K were determined by experimental thermochemical methods and computational calculations. The experimental enthalpies of formation in gas-phase were obtained from enthalpies of formation in crystalline phase and enthalpies of sublimation. Enthalpies of formation in crystalline phase were obtained using rotatory bomb combustion calorimetry. By thermogravimetry, enthalpies of vaporization were obtained, and by combining them with enthalpies of fusion, the enthalpies of sublimation were calculated. The Gaussian-4 procedure and the atomization method were applied to obtain enthalpies of formation in gas-phase of the compounds under study. Theoretical and experimental values are in good agreement. Through natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis and a topological analysis of the electronic density, the intramolecular hydrogen bridge (N–H···S) in the 2,2′-diaminodiphenyl disulfide was confirmed. Finally, an enthalpic difference of 11.8 kJ·mol–1 between the 2,2′-diaminodiphenyl disulfide and 4,4′-diaminodiphenyl disulfide was found, which is attributed to the intramolecular N–H···S interaction.