The Effect of Solvent and Coordination Environment of Metal Source on the Self-Assembly Pathway of a Pd(II)-Mediated Coordination Capsule
The effect of reaction environment on the self-assembly process of an octahedron-shaped Pd6L8 capsule was investigated. Quantitative analysis of self-assembly process with 1H NMR spectroscopy revealed that the self-assembly pathway of the capsule was altered by solvent and a leaving ligand coordinating to the metal source, which are not the components of the final self-assembly. Solvents definitively determine the pathway of the self-assembly at a very early stage of the self-assembly. Contrary to the expectation that the weaker the coordination ability of the leaving ligand is, the faster the formation of the final assembly becomes, a leaving ligand with weak coordination ability tends to generate a kinetically trapped species to prevent the capsule formation under mild conditions.