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The Absence of Heat Shock Protein HSP101 Affects the Proteome of Mature and Germinating Maize Embryos

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journal contribution
posted on 01.06.2012 by Pedro E. Lázaro-Mixteco, Jorge Nieto-Sotelo, Kirby N. Swatek, Norma L. Houston, Guillermo Mendoza-Hernández, Jay J. Thelen, Tzvetanka D. Dinkova
Maize heat shock protein HSP101 accumulates during embryo maturation and desiccation and persists at high levels during the first 24 h following kernel imbibition in the absence of heat stress. This protein has a known function in disaggregation of high molecular weight complexes and has been proposed to be a translational regulator of specific mRNAs. Here, a global proteomic approach was used to identify changes in the maize proteome due to the absence of HSP101 in embryos from mature-dry or 24 h-imbibed kernels. A total of 26 protein spots from the mature dry embryo exhibited statistically significant expression changes in the L10 inbred hsp101 mutant (hsp101-m5::Mu1/hsp101-m5::Mu1) line as compared to the corresponding wild type (Hsp101/Hsp101). Additional six spots reproducibly showed qualitative changes between the mutant and wild-type mature and germinating embryos. Several chaperones, translation-related proteins, actin, and enzymes participating in cytokinin metabolism were identified in these spots by tandem mass-spectrometry (MS). The proteomic changes partially explain the altered root growth and architecture observed in young hsp101 mutant seedlings. In addition, specific protein de novo synthesis was altered in the 24 h-imbibed mutant embryos indicating that maize HSP101 functions as both chaperone and translational regulator during germination. Supporting this, HSP101 was found as part of Cap-binding and translation initiation complexes during early kernel imbibition. Overall, these findings expose the relevance of maize HSP101 for protein synthesis and balance mechanisms during germination.