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Synthetic Evidence of the Amadori-Type Alkylation of Biogenic Amines by the Neurotoxic Metabolite Dopegal

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journal contribution
posted on 30.12.2019, 18:33 by Martin J. Wanner, Ed Zuidinga, Dorette S. Tromp, Jan Vilím, Steen Ingemann Jørgensen, Jan H. van Maarseveen
The neurotransmitter metabolite 3,4-dihydroxy-phenylglycolaldehyde (dopegal) damages neurons and the myocardium by protein cross-linking, resulting in conglomerations and cell death. We investigated this process on a synthetic scale, leading to the discovery of an Amadori-type rearrangement of dopegal in the reaction with several amino acids and neuropeptides. This alkylation also occurs with neurotransmitters, suggesting an influence of dopegal on neurochemical processes. The rearrangement occurs readily under physiological conditions.