Synthesis and Evaluation of Antiallodynic and Anticonvulsant Activity of Novel Amide and Urea Derivatives of Valproic Acid Analogues
journal contributionposted on 26.11.2009 by Dan Kaufmann, Meir Bialer, Jakob Avi Shimshoni, Marshall Devor, Boris Yagen
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
Valproic acid (VPA, 1) is a major broad spectrum antiepileptic and central nervous system drug widely used to treat epilepsy, bipolar disorder, and migraine. VPA’s clinical use is limited by two severe and life-threatening side effects, teratogenicity and hepatotoxicity. A number of VPA analogues and their amide, N-methylamide and urea derivatives, were synthesized and evaluated in animal models of neuropathic pain and epilepsy. Among these, two amide and two urea derivatives of 1 showed the highest potency as antineuropathic pain compounds, with ED50 values of 49 and 51 mg/kg for the amides (19 and 20) and 49 and 74 mg/kg for the urea derivatives (29 and 33), respectively. 19, 20, and 29 were equipotent to gabapentin, a leading drug for the treatment of neuropathic pain. These data indicate strong potential for the above-mentioned novel compounds as candidates for future drug development for the treatment of neuropathic pain.