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Synthesis and Evaluation of Antiallodynic and Anticonvulsant Activity of Novel Amide and Urea Derivatives of Valproic Acid Analogues

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journal contribution
posted on 26.11.2009 by Dan Kaufmann, Meir Bialer, Jakob Avi Shimshoni, Marshall Devor, Boris Yagen
Valproic acid (VPA, 1) is a major broad spectrum antiepileptic and central nervous system drug widely used to treat epilepsy, bipolar disorder, and migraine. VPA’s clinical use is limited by two severe and life-threatening side effects, teratogenicity and hepatotoxicity. A number of VPA analogues and their amide, N-methylamide and urea derivatives, were synthesized and evaluated in animal models of neuropathic pain and epilepsy. Among these, two amide and two urea derivatives of 1 showed the highest potency as antineuropathic pain compounds, with ED50 values of 49 and 51 mg/kg for the amides (19 and 20) and 49 and 74 mg/kg for the urea derivatives (29 and 33), respectively. 19, 20, and 29 were equipotent to gabapentin, a leading drug for the treatment of neuropathic pain. These data indicate strong potential for the above-mentioned novel compounds as candidates for future drug development for the treatment of neuropathic pain.