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Synthesis and Application of Branched Type II Arabinogalactans

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journal contribution
posted on 09.11.2017 by Mathias C. F. Andersen, Irene Boos, Colin Ruprecht, William G. T. Willats, Fabian Pfrengle, Mads H. Clausen
The synthesis of linear and (1 → 6)-branched β-(1 → 3)-d-galactans, structures found in plant arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs), is described. The synthetic strategy relies on iterative couplings of monosaccharide and disaccharide thioglycoside donors, followed by a late-stage glycosylation of heptagalactan backbone acceptors to introduce branching. A key finding from the synthetic study was the need to match protective groups in order to tune reactivity and ensure selectivity during the assembly. Carbohydrate microarrays were generated to enable the detailed epitope mapping of two monoclonal antibodies known to recognize AGPs: JIM16 and JIM133.