Synchrotron Radiation Macrobeam and Microbeam X-ray Diffraction Studies of Interfacial Crystallization of Fats in Water-in-Oil Emulsions
journal contributionposted on 03.04.2012 by Paul Wassell, Airi Okamura, Niall W.G. Young, Graham Bonwick, Christopher Smith, Kiyotaka Sato, Satoru Ueno
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
Using macrobeam and microbeam techniques, we performed synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction (SR-XRD) analyses of fat crystallization in water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion, in combination with DSC and polarized optical microscopic observation. Particular focus was on the crystallization of the fats around water droplets in the W/O emulsion systems using food emulsifiers of polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR) alone (PGPR emulsion), and PGPR and monobehenoylglycerol (MB) (PGPR+MB emulsion). We obtained the following results: (1) macrobeam SR-XRD confirmed that adding MB promoted fat crystallization during cooling, (2) microbeam SR-XRD indicated that the lamellar planes of fat crystals near the water and oil interfaces are arranged almost parallel to the interface planes in both PGPR emulsion and PGPR+MB emulsion, and (3) adding MB resulted in the formation of tiny fat crystals because it promoted crystallization, which occurred both in the bulk oil phase and at the W/O interfaces. The present study is the first to apply microbeam SR-XRD to observe the microscopic features of fat crystallization in W/O emulsion, following fat crystallization in the oil droplets in the oil-in-water (O/W) emulsion (Arima, S.; Ueno, S.; Ogawa, A.; Sato, K. Langmuir 2009, 25, 9777–9784).