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Stimuli-Responsive Microfluidic Interface Enables Highly Efficient Capture and Release of Circulating Fetal Cells for Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing

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posted on 09.06.2020, 15:57 by Huimin Zhang, Yuanyuan Yang, Yilong Liu, Yidi Wang, Weidong Ruan, Jia Song, Xiyuan Yu, Lingling Wu, Zhi Zhu, Guolin Hong, Chaoyong Yang
Circulating fetal nucleated cells (CFCs) carrying whole genomic coding of the fetus in maternal blood have been pursued as ideal biomarkers for noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT). However, a significant limitation is the need to enrich sufficient cells in quantity and purity for fetal genetic disorder diagnosis. This study for the first time demonstrates a stimuli-responsive ligand enabling interface on array patterned microfluidic chip (NIPT-Chip) for high efficient isolation and release of CFCs in untreated whole blood. Deterministic lateral displacement (DLD)-array was patterned in the chip to increase collision frequency between CFCs and surface-anchored antibody to achieve high efficient cell capture. More importantly, the stimuli-responsive interface enables gentle release of captured CFCs through a thiol exchange reaction for downstream gene analysis of NIPT. With the advantages of simple processing, efficient isolation, and gentle release, NIPT-Chip offers great potential for clinical translation of circulating fetal cell-based NIPT.

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