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Spider Silk Fusion Proteins for Controlled Collagen Binding and Biomineralization

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journal contribution
posted on 04.09.2020, 08:29 by Vanessa J. Neubauer, Thomas Scheibel
The development of biomaterials for the interface between tendon and bone is important for realizing functional tendon replacements. Toward the development of new materials for such applications, engineered recombinant spider silk proteins were modified with peptide tag sequences derived from noncollagenous proteins in bone, so-called SIBLING proteins, such as osteopontin and sialoprotein, which are known to interact with collagen and to initiate mineralization. Materials made of these spider silk–SIBLING hybrids were analyzed concerning mineralization and interaction with cells. They showed enhanced calcium phosphate formation upon incubation in mineralization agents. In gradient films, MC3T3-E1 mouse preosteoblasts adhered preferentially along the gradient toward the variant with a collagen binding motif.